By definition, periodontics is the study of the inflammatory diseases that destroy the gums and the other supporting structures around the teeth. At Freeman Dental Associates, we offer services that help with gum disease and to prevent the conditions that can lead to gum disease.
The specialty services in periodontics that we offer consist of gingivitis treatments, periodontal surgery, root surface debridement, and scaling and root planing.
Gingivitis is another way of saying inflammation of the gums. The most common cause of gingivitis is the accumulation of bacterial plaque between and around the teeth. Dental plaque naturally accumulates on teeth to protect the mouth from the grouping of harmful microorganisms. However, dental plaque can also lead to tooth decay, gingivitis, and chronic periodontitis.
Some signs and symptoms of gingivitis can be: bright red or purple gums, tender gums, bleeding from gums when brushing teeth, bad breath, inflammation or swelling of gums, and soft and receded gums.
If plaque is not removed sufficiently, it can harden into tartar. It is a yellow color and forms at the base of the teeth near the gums. The plaque and tartar at the base of the teeth cause irritation and lead to gum inflammation. Contact us if you are in need of a gingivitis treatment because delaying treatment can lead to tooth decay, and possibly even tooth loss.
Periodontal surgery treats gum diseases such as gingivitis and periodontitis.
There are different types of surgery that can be performed such as flap surgery, bone grafting, guided tissue regeneration, and tissue grafting.
Before the surgery, the surgeon will likely do a deep cleaning of the teeth, called deep scaling. The purpose of deep scaling is to remove the tartar and bacteria from the teeth.
The surgeon will also perform another procedure called root planing. Root planing smoothes the surfaces of the teeth so there are fewer places for tartar to accumulate and removes bacterial toxins.
During this procedure, the gums are lifted and tartar is removed from underneath the gums. When the tartar is removed, the surgeon will stitch the gums back into place. Reshaping of the bone may be necessary.
The bone surrounding the tooth root may be broken. In this case, a bone graft is necessary. This procedure involves replacing the damaged bone with a new bone. The new bone can either be the patient’s bone, a manufactured bone, or a donated bone.
Guided Tissue Regeneration
During this procedure, a surgeon will place a mesh-like material between the bone and the gum tissue. This will guide the growth of the gum so that the bone and tissue regrow.
If tissue recession is present, then tissue grafting may be necessary. Tissue grafting is when gum is taken from a different part of the mouth and the surgeon reattaches it to the site where the gum has receded.
Root Surface Debridement
Root surface debridement is very similar to many of the procedures mentioned before.
A local anesthetic will be administered to the patient. The dentist will remove any substances that have built up on the tooth and roots. Then, those surfaces will be smoothed. It will allow your teeth to form healthy attachments to the jawbone, as well as prevent future build-up.
The placement of dental implants is necessary if one or more teeth are missing. Depending on how many teeth are missing, a dental crown, dental bridge, or a complete or partial denture will be necessary. Replacing a missing tooth is beneficial not just for your smile, but for function and health as well.
Periodontics is one of the many cosmetic services performed at our Freeman Dental Associates location in Cohasset, MA. To schedule an appointment call (781) 383-6555 or visit our website www.freemandentalcohasset.com/services/ to learn more about our services.